A city in northern Jordan, and capital of the Mafraq Govern orate. It is an administrative and regional trade centre for the sparsely populated northeast part of the country. Mafraq is a transportation hub with roads to Syria in the north, Iraq in the east and Saudi Arabia in the south-east. The area contains a lot of archeological sites from Paleolithic ruins to Ottoman sites, such as Umm al-Jimal and al-Fadeen. The region has a desert climate. It tends to be rather hot and dry during the day and in the summer, and relatively cold during the night and in the winter.